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17 Selected Historical Foundation for the development of Biotechnology With Years ………………


17 Selected Historical Foundation for the development of Biotechnology 
With Years ………………

    1. 1865: Inheritance of Genetic characters Of George Mendel
    2. 1917: The term biotechnology was coined by Karl Ereky
    3. 1943: Industrial Production of Penicillin 
    4. 1944: Identification of DNA as the genetic material 
    5. 1953:Determination of DNA structure by Watson and Crick 
    6. 1961: Launching of the journal of biotechnology and Bioengineering 
    7. 1975:Production of Monoclonal antibodies by Kohler and Milstein 
    8. 1976:National Institute of health, USA issued the first guidelines for rDNA research
    9. 1978:Production of Human Insulin in E.Coli
    10. 1980:U.S. Supreme Court rules that genetically engineered microorganisms can be patented 
    11. 1981: First Diagnostic kits based on monoclonal antibodies approved in the U.S.
    12. 1982: the U.S. approved humulin i.e.human insulin, the first pharmaceutical product of eDNA technology, for human use
    13. 1988: U.S. patent granted to genetically engineered mouse i.e. susceptible to cancer
    14. 1990: Official launching of Human Genome Project (HGP)
    15. 1992: First Chromosome of yeast sequenced 
    16. 1997: The First Mammalian sheep, Dolly developed by Nuclear cloning
    17. 2001: Human genome, the first mammalian genome sequenced
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